• Trump has asked for $5.7 billion to fund construction of a wall on the country’s southern border. 
  • The White House is also asking for a few billion dollars more to bolster immigration enforcement and humanitarian care for illegals already in custody. 
  • Democrats and Republicans could possibly make a DACA-wall deal, or Trump could circumvent congressional authority altogether by declaring an emergency. 

President Donald Trump is demanding Congress pass a budget that includes funding for a massive wall on the country’s southern border, but the administration’s border security wish list also includes a number of other requests.

The partial government shutdown reached day 20 on Thursday, with no compromise appearing on the horizon. The gridlock would only need to continue for two more days to surpass the longest government shutdown in U.S. history — which took place between December 1995 and January 1996 and lasted 21 days. Congressional Democrats continue to oppose the concept of a border wall, framing it as unnecessary and immoral. However, Trump has pledged to reject any budget that doesn’t fund his proposal.

How much for the wall and what would it look like?

The president has specifically called for $5.7 billion in appropriated funds to construct a wall on the U.S.-Mexico border. Stretching 234 miles, the proposed wall would be a steel barrier, but its design would likely vary depending on the terrain. The amount of funding dedicated to the wall is subject to change should Republicans and Democrats reach any sort of compromise.

It’s not clear if some of the funds would be allocated towards the rebuilding of wall that already exist on the U.S.-Mexico border. The president’s negotiating team — spearheaded by Vice President Mike Pence, White House senior adviser Jared Kushner, and Department of Homeland Security secretary Kirstjen Nielsen — have presented Democrats with a basic outline of what they want.

What else is Trump calling for?

While the wall has taken center stage of the immigration debate, it is only one component of Trump’s border security reform agenda.

Among the White House’s other demands: $675 million for increased inspection technology at southern ports of entry; $571 million for an additional 2,000 Immigration and Customs and Enforcement (ICE) agents; $563 million to fund an additional 75 immigration judges and staff to handle the hundreds of thousands of cases currently backlogged in immigration courts; and $211 million to bring on 750 more Border Patrol agents.

The administration also wants to beef up funding to care for the illegals that have been apprehended by the U.S. government. Such requests include $4.2 billion to go towards 52,000 detention beds for illegal aliens and $800 million towards the medical, transportation and housing costs of those in custody.

What the border looks like right now

The border between the U.S. and Mexico is 1,954 miles long. A mere 650 miles is protected with some sort of fencing, leaving around 1,350 miles wide open. The porousness of the southern border is even more severe when taking into consideration that, of the 650 miles of established fencing, half is designed to stop only vehicles — not people.

If a wall is built, much of the construction would take place on the eastern half of the border. Texas stands out among the other border states for lacking much of any established fence. The biggest continual border wall gap currently stretches over 600 miles in Texas, mostly because the area lacks any major cities on either side of the border line.

On the other hand, large portions of the California, Arizona and New Mexico borders have some form of a wall already established. However, only a fraction these fences are actually meant to keep pedestrians out.

What’s going to happen next? 

No compromise appears to be in sight. Trump abruptly walked out of a meeting with congressional leaders on Wednesday after House Speaker Nancy Pelosi rejected his request to fund border wall construction within 30 days.

Some have suggested a DACA-wall compromise. Such a deal would include Democrats agreeing to fund a border wall in exchange for Republicans signing on to protect “dreamers,” undocumented immigrants who were brought to the country illegally at a very young.

If no deal is reached, Trump could possibly act unilaterally. The president has increasingly entertained the idea of declaring a national emergency at the border, an action that would allow him to build the wall without approval from Congress.

“We can call a national emergency and build it very quickly. It’s another way of doing it,” Trump told reporters on Friday.